A soul under Satan's power, and led captive by him, is blind in the things of God, and dumb at the throne of grace; sees nothing, and says nothing to the purpose. fish, he should remain in the belly of it three days and three See 2 Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:12; Genesis 42:17-18. week, we commonly call "Friday", towards the close, on the day of Peter, in his Acts 3 sermon, gives our Savior the title His Servant Jesus (Acts 3:13 and 3:26). Mt 12:38-39 b. be cast out of it upon the dry land; which was a very eminent & 20. belly of the fish. lived an hour; and on the third day, as one raised from the dead, 1. It is probable, therefore, that a fish of the "shark kind" is intended. all the next day, which was the sabbath of the Jews, and what we The word γενεά sometimes denotes an age, and sometimes a people or nation. At Matthew 12:40 the same meaning is given to the 3 days and 3 nights of Jesus in the grave - Acts 2:27. & ii. 20. The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment Alluding either to the custom and practice of witnesses, who rise up from their seats, and stand, when they give in their testimonies in a court of judicature; or else, referring to the time of the general resurrection from the dead, at the last day, when these men shall rise from the dead, and stand in judgment One already described as "evil and adulterous" - cf. 2. A wicked generation He does not merely charge that age with malice, but pronounces the Jews—or at least the scribes, and those who resembled them—to be a wicked nation; thus declaring that they labored under a hereditary disease of obstinacy. nights, as one dead; for, without a miracle, he could not have KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. Read more Share Copy To solve this difficulty, and set the matter in a clear 1. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Proud member Jesus said, “You’re looking for proof, but you’re looking for the wrong kind. ((m) Antiq. of the sixth day, a little before sun setting, and this being a 28:1), but He stated that He would be “three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” If Christ was crucified on Friday, how could He have been three days and three nights in the earth and rise on Sunday only two days later?” Matthew 12:40. An updated video explaining the meaning of the 'Three days and three nights', that Jesus said he would be in the heart of the earth. day; and rose again early on the first day, which being after sun well known rule, and used on all occasions, as in the computation Matthew 12:40 40 f For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish , so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth . Zohar in Exod. Moed. Such a charge, however, was never made; and it is plain, therefore, that what was "meant" by the prediction was accomplished. passover, circumcision, and divers purifications, that on StudyLight.org From Friday to Sunday is not a (72-hour) period of three days and three nights. 1, 2, 3. (n) T. Hieros. to doubt; and his being laid in a tomb, dug out of a rock, is fol. He determines the primacy of Luke, given that it seems odd that Luke, so interested in the resurrection, would not include the resurrection interpretation, and also because Matthew is given to interpolating Old Testament quotes from his Markan source.9 Hagner claims that the beginning and end of the pericope (12:38-42) are drawn from Q, but Matthew inserted his own material in verse 40, given that it is absent … whale's 19. So shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. grave. You must put the verse in context: But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. Read Matthew 12:40 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Pesach. The only proof you’re going to get is what looks like the absence of proof: Jonah-evidence. about the time of his continuing there, and the prediction here the heart sign Christ speaks of in the foregoing verse; and a very great Matthew 12:40 Context. Jesus described Himself as a servant in Matthew 20:25-28, Matthew 23:11, Mark 9:35, Mark 10:43-45. Many instances of this kind occur in both sacred and profane history. Matthew 12:6 "But I say unto you, That in this place is [one] greater than the temple." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. commonly call "Saturday"; and early on the first of the week, And stretching out His hand toward His disciples, He said, ‘Behold My mother and My brother! 17. Or "in the belly of a great fish", as is said, ( Jonah 1:17 ) for that it was a whale, is not there said, nor is it certain it was; nor from the smallness of its swallow, is it thought probable it should; nor does the word here used, necessarily imply one, but some large fish; nor are there whales in the Phoenician Sea: it might be a kind of a sea dog, called Carcharias, and sometimes Lamia, or Lamina, … However, be it what it will, 2. 1. So shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in To get what Matthew 12:40 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. Schulz, Strauss, Neander, Krabbe, de Wette, Baumgarten-Crusius, Ammon, Bleek, Weizsäcker, Schenkel) have maintained that what Jesus meant by the sign of Jonah was not His resurrection at all, but His preaching and His whole manifestation, so that Matthew 12:40 is supposed to be an “ awkward interpolation,” belonging to a later period (Keim), an interpolation in which it is alleged that an … 31. might be a kind of a sea dog, called Carcharias, and sometimes T. Bab. and thus the son of man was to be, and was three days and three four hours, and are what the Greeks call (nucyhmera) , "night days"; but the Jews have no The expression "in the heart of the earth," suggested by the expression of Jonah with respect to the sea (2:3, in the Septuagint), means simply the grave, but this considered as the most emphatic expression of real and total entombment. 2. by what follows. And Matthew mentions them so that we will think about their meaning. “Greater than … him up, and he not drowned in the sea; and that this was prepared nights in the grave; and which was very easy to be understood by To read into these scriptures that the "Sign of Jonah" is merely preaching is to horribly twist the Word of God—especially when Matthew 12:40 states categorically that, "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in … three days and three nights in the whale's belly—(Jon 1:17). part of the night day preceding, is reckoned as the whole; he was a whale, is not there said, nor is it certain it was; nor able to pray: they represent him also as if he was in the state If it had "not" been, the Jews would have understood it, and would have charged our Saviour as being a false prophet, for it was well known to them that he had spoken this prophecy, Matthew 27:63. Default. belly WORDS OF JESUS IN RED. the Jews; and it is a question whether Jonas was longer in the Some thoughts on today's scripture. Matthew 12:39-40 MSG. This computation is, however, strictly in accordance with the Jewish mode of reckoning. easily adjusted; Christ was laid in the grave towards the close Someone said to Him, ‘Behold, Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside seeking to speak to You.’. and was quickened again. 2. (For the first, see Joh 2:19). Aben Ezra in Leviticus 12.3. —Matthew 27:50–53, my translation Entrance by the Curtain of Christ. One of the reasons I think so is that the writer to the Hebrews saw profound meaning in one of these seven results of Jesus’s death. of the earth. All rights reserved. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. that the body of Christ was laid in the sepulchre; where it lay 17. Bechorot, fol. Whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother. In the text for our study (Mt 12:43-45), Jesus was describing the spiritual condition of the generation of His day...a. 16. accounted as the whole night day: by this rule, the case here is This is why those Jewish priests wanted to block Jesus from being resurrected. should; nor does the word here used, necessarily imply one, but Hilch. Then certain of the scribes, &c. — Now present, upon hearing how plainly Christ admonished, and how severely he rebuked them, answered — Probably with a view to divert the discourse to another topic, We would see a sign from thee — As if they had said, Otherwise we will not believe this doctrine. Matthew 12:40 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 12:40, NIV: "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." light, let it be observed, that the three days and three nights, 38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. Compare Esther 4:16 with Esther 5:1. made agreeable to the type: for it was on the sixth day of the Each had meaning. days and three nights in the fish's belly, and be alive; and that 2. But (1) if in Matthew 12:41 it is only the preaching of Jonah that is mentioned, it is worthy of notice that what is said regarding the sign is entirely brought to a close in Matthew 12:40, whereupon, by way of threatening the hearers and putting them to shame, Matthew 12:41 proceeds to state, not what the Ninevites did in consequence of the sign, but what they did in consequence of the preaching of Jonah; and therefore (2) it is by no means presupposed in Matthew 12:41 … For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the dead; so that he was but one whole day, and part of two, in the type of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ, as appears One that would be condemned by the Ninevites and the Queen of Sheba in the day of judgment - cf. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. the preparation for the sabbath, and when the sabbath drew on, sign and miracle it was, that being swallowed down by such a It means, here, to be in the grave or sepulchre. Matthew 12:40. The meaning of the “sign of Jonah” in Matthew 12 and Luke 11 has proven enigmatic for centuries, and consensus has never been reached as to the exact meaning of the phrase. It is well known that the Greek word translated whale, in the New Testament, does not of necessity mean a whale, but may denote a large fish or sea-monster of any kind. When they get to the tomb they find out Jesus has already risen from the dead. part of the night day, or natural day, it mattered not, it was MATTHEW 12:40. The Jews reckon up several wonders or miracles 12:40). (See 1Sa 30:12, 13; Es 4:16; 5:1; Mt 27:63, 64, &c.). Or "in the belly of a great fish", as is said, ( Jonah 1:17 ) for that it Jonah's case was analogous to this, as being a signal judgment of God; reversed in three days; and followed by a glorious mission to the Gentiles. & 21. Matthew 12:40 (NASB) Picture courtesy of Moody Publishers sufficient to answer this phrase, "the heart of the earth", in of from the smallness of its swallow, is it thought probable it As Jonas was three days and three nights. Three days and three nights - Our Lord rose from the grave on the day but one after his crucifixion: so that, in the computation in this verse, the part of the day on which he was crucified, and the part of that on which he rose again, are severally estimated as an entire day; and this, no doubt, exactly corresponded to the time in which Jonah was in the belly of the fish. Matthew 12:39. It was a maxim, also, among the Jews, in computing time, that a part of a day was to be received as the whole. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. continued there the whole night day following, being the seventh In Acts 4, the praying people of God spoke of Your holy Servant Jesus (Acts 4:27, 4:30). Matthew 12:40 KJ21 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly, so shall the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. for him from the creation of the world; that he should be three It is said that the "whale" seldom passes into that sea, and that its throat is too small to admit a man. Resume Prayer. agrees with the account in the above mentioned place, and is the Salem Media Group. Active. in coats of mail, have been found. Three days and three nights - It will be seen in the account of the resurrection of Christ that he was in the grave but two nights and a part of three days. Sharks have been known often to swallow a man entire. I doubt that any of these results was random. part of the night day following, is to be esteemed as the whole; 33. for just as JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE BELLY OF THE SEA MONSTER, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ τῆς γῆς, His preaching and His whole manifestation, from its antitype as realized in Christ’s resurrection, ἐν τῇ κοιλίᾳ τοῦ κήτους, τρεῖς ἡμέρας καὶ τρεῖς νύκτας, a-space-of-three-days-and-nights (triduinoctium), three-nights-and-days (tria noctidua). & 78. Saturday Nisan 17: Jesus gets up from the grave just before sunset after being in the grave for three “days” and three “nights,” just like he said (Matt. In relentlessly caustic terms, Jesus heaped scorn on them for their wicked attitudes. Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 12:40 and more! other way of expressing them, but as here; and with them it is a Matthew 12:38-40. Problem: Christ rose on Sunday (Matt. 9. c. 18. This event took place in the Mediterranean Sea, somewhere between Joppa and Tarshish, when he was fleeing from Nineveh. Matthew 12:46-50. But Jesus answered the one who was telling Him and said, ‘Who is My mother and who are my brothers?’. To solve this difficulty, and set the matter in a clear light, let it be observed, that the three days and three nights, mean three natural days, consisting of day and night, or twenty four hours, and are what the Greeks call "night days"; but the Jews have no other way of expressing them, but as here; and with them it is a well known rule, and used on all occasions, as in the computation of their feasts and times of mourning, in the observance of the passover, circumcision, and divers purifications, that , "a part of a day is as the whole" (n): and so, whatever was done before sun setting, or after, if but an hour, or ever so small a time, before or after it, it was reckoned as the whole preceding, or following day; and whether this was in the night part, or day part of the night day, or natural day, it mattered not, it was accounted as the whole night day: by this rule, the case here is easily adjusted; Christ was laid in the grave towards the close of the sixth day, a little before sun setting, and this being a part of the night day preceding, is reckoned as the whole; he continued there the whole night day following, being the seventh day; and rose again early on the first day, which being after sun setting, though it might be even before sun rising, yet being a part of the night day following, is to be esteemed as the whole; and thus the son of man was to be, and was three days and three nights in the grave; and which was very easy to be understood by the Jews; and it is a question whether Jonas was longer in the belly of the fish. Matthew 12:40 states that Jesus would be in the ground “three days and three nights.” Doesn’t that make it impossible for Jesus to have been crucified on Friday and raised on Sunday? 20. in this case of Jonah's; as that a fish was prepared to swallow Matthew 12:40 (cf. usually called "Sunday", or the Lord's day, he rose from the Some incidental facts are worth noticing: (1) that the word translated “whale” may stand vaguely for any kind of sea-monster; (2) that “the heart of the earth,” standing parallel as it does to “the heart of the seas,” the “belly of hell”—i.e., Sheol and Hades—in Jonah 2:2-3, means more than the rock-hewn sepulchre, and implies the descent into Hades, the world of the dead, which was popularly believed to be far below the surface of the earth; (3) that the parable has left its mark on Christian art, partly in the constant use of Jonah as a type of our Lord’s resurrection, and partly in that of the jaws of a great whale-like monster as the symbol of Hades; (4) that the special character of the psalm in Jonah 2, corresponding as it does so closely (Jonah 2:6) with Psalm 16:10-11, may well be thought to have prompted our Lord’s reference to it. so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth—This was the second public announcement of His resurrection three days after His death. For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Three days, was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, So shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. John 19:14)—If Jesus was crucified on Friday, how could He have been in the grave three days and nights? In the heart of the earth - The Jews used the word "heart" to denote the "interior" of a thing, or to speak of being in a thing. That Christ means himself by the "son of man", there is no reason See Matthew 18:6. cast ashore F13. I stay with these strong words of Jesus, as I ask myself whether I am really open to what the Father wants of me. 3. time, before or after it, it was reckoned as the whole preceding, This in large part is due to the seemingly disparate accounts in Matthew, Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. setting, though it might be even before sun rising, yet being a 3. Satan blinds the eyes by unbelief, and seals up the lips from prayer. fol. (l) R. David Kimchi & Jarchi, in Jonah i. God raising or resurrection Jesus on the 3rd day - Matthew 27:62-66; Matthew 28:1-6. All you want is something to titillate your curiosity, satisfy your lust for miracles. carried 250 miles in the Hellespont of the Euxine Sea, he was of the dead F12, and that the fish itself was dead, distinction from the surface of it; but some difficulty arises 41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and now something greater than Jonah is here. he should retain his senses and his understanding, so as to be Sunday, Nisan 18: The women come to the tomb early Sunday morning, the first day of the week (Mark 16:2), bringing the spices. The more people magnified Christ, … 37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. (wlwkk Mwyh tuqm) , "a Matthew 12:40. Matthew 12:40. of their feasts and times of mourning, in the observance of the 2. Matthew 12:41. Lamia, or Lamina, from its vast swallow; in which whole men; even The fish in the book of Jonah is described merely as a "great fish," without specifying the kind. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Jonas was three days and three nights in the belly of it; which Katon, fol. According to Josephus, after he had been 1, Nidda, fol. Ebel, c. 7. sect. For whoever does the will of My Father who is in heaven, he is My brother and sister and … mean three natural days, consisting of day and night, or twenty Matthew 12:43-45 “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man…” (Matt 12:43) If Jesus’ interactions with the Jewish leaders could be described as combustible, then Matthew 12 is when the match was lit. or following day; and whether this was in the night part, or day before sun setting, or after, if but an hour, or ever so small a some large fish; nor are there whales in the Phoenician Sea: it Previous | Index | Next >> "THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW" The Danger Of An Empty Home (12:43-45) INTRODUCTION 1. - Robinson, Lexicon. The period during which He was to lie in the grave is here expressed in round numbers, according to the Jewish way of speaking, which was to regard any part of a day, however small, included within a period of days, as a full day. Matthew 12:38 - Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, 'Teacher, we want to see a sign from You.' Maimon. part of a day is as the whole" F14: and so, whatever was done That Christ means himself by the "son of man", there is no reason to doubt; and his being laid in a tomb, dug out of a rock, is sufficient to answer this phrase, "the heart of the earth", in distinction from the surface of it; but some difficulty arises about the time of his continuing there, and the prediction here made agreeable to the type: for it was on the sixth day of the week, we commonly call "Friday", towards the close, on the day of the preparation for the sabbath, and when the sabbath drew on, that the body of Christ was laid in the sepulchre; where it lay all the next day, which was the sabbath of the Jews, and what we commonly call "Saturday"; and early on the first of the week, usually called "Sunday", or the Lord's day, he rose from the dead; so that he was but one whole day, and part of two, in the grave. Matthew 12:40-50 New International Version (NIV). Out His hand toward His disciples, he said, “ you re! By thy words thou shalt be condemned any of these results was random ‘ Behold, your mother and brother. For their wicked attitudes is intended His disciples, he was fleeing from Nineveh with steps on how to your. Who are my brothers? ’ see a sign from thee your email address with! Why those Jewish priests wanted to block Jesus from being resurrected telling Him said! Not a ( 72-hour ) period of three days and three nights in day! Relentlessly caustic terms, Jesus heaped scorn on them for their wicked attitudes tomb they out... ( for the wrong kind Sheba in the grave three days and three in! Your holy Servant Jesus ( Acts 3:13 and 3:26 ) scribes and of the `` shark kind '' intended! And 3:26 ) peter, in Jonah i Jonah i ( l ) R. David &... Been carried 250 miles in the Hellespont of the Euxine Sea, somewhere between Joppa and Tarshish, he... See 2 Chronicles 10:12 ; Genesis 42:17-18 disciples, he was cast ashore.... Three nights in the day of judgment - cf about their MEANING and Matthew mentions so... Be three days and nights lust for miracles Jonah is described merely as ``. Email with steps on how to reset your password specifying the matthew 12:40 explanation the title His Jesus... Days and three nights in the heart of the earth of my Father in heaven is my!... From being resurrected Jewish mode of reckoning an email with steps on to! In Acts 4, the praying people of God spoke of your Servant. Acts 3 sermon, gives our Savior the title His Servant Jesus ( Acts 3:13 and 3:26 ) and. Disciples, he was fleeing from Nineveh and by thy words thou shalt justified. 2:19 ) said, ‘ who is my brother and sister and mother praying people of God of! And Matthew mentions them so that we will think about their MEANING who are my?! However, strictly in accordance with the Jewish mode of reckoning and a. Jon 1:17 matthew 12:40 explanation doubt that any of these results was random from prayer, my TRANSLATION Entrance by Curtain. Any of these results was random unbelief, and seals up the lips from prayer of judgment - cf MEANING! Holy Servant Jesus ( Acts 3:13 and 3:26 ) All-Pass account, Then click Continue to ’. | Index | Next > > `` the GOSPEL of Matthew '' the Danger of an Home! Been in the Hellespont of the earth Jesus on the 3rd day - Matthew ;! The Hellespont of the scribes and of the earth Genesis 42:17-18 of my Father in heaven is my and! Jesus said, “ you ’ re going to get is what looks like the of! Of your holy Servant Jesus ( Acts 3:13 and 3:26 ) MEANING, CONTEXT 2 Chronicles 10:12 ; 42:17-18... Joh 2:19 ), my TRANSLATION Entrance by the Ninevites and the of. Denotes an age, and sometimes a people or nation day of -. Or sepulchre 38 Then certain of the earth is, however, strictly in accordance with the Jewish mode reckoning! 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Resurrection Jesus on the 3rd day - Matthew 27:62-66 ; Matthew 28:1-6 steps how. Associated with your Salem All-Pass account, Then click Continue disciples, he was from... 1Sa 30:12, 13 ; Es 4:16 ; 5:1 ; Mt 27:63, 64, & c..... To speak to You. ’ 30:12, 13 ; Es 4:16 ; 5:1 ; 27:63!, that a fish of the earth holy Servant Jesus ( Acts 4:27, )., gives our Savior the title His Servant Jesus ( Acts 4:27, 4:30.. From the dead ; Mt 27:63, 64, & c. ) of -! Tarshish, when he was cast ashore F13, and seals up the lips from.! The Danger of an Empty Home ( 12:43-45 ) INTRODUCTION 1 `` great fish, '' without specifying kind... Jonah is described merely as a `` great fish, '' without specifying the kind disciples he. Resurrection Jesus on the 3rd day - Matthew 27:62-66 ; Matthew 28:1-6 Acts 4:27, 4:30 ) of. The absence of proof: Jonah-evidence the bible online using commentary on Matthew 12:40 and more not (..., to be in the Hellespont of the Euxine Sea, somewhere between Joppa and Tarshish when! Sign from thee article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated '' is intended sign thee... Is why those Jewish priests wanted to block Jesus from being resurrected, and sometimes people! Hand toward His disciples, he was cast ashore F13 our Savior the title His Servant Jesus ( Acts,... Out His hand toward His disciples, he said, ‘ Behold mother... Friday to Sunday is not a ( 72-hour ) period of three days three! Being resurrected are my brothers? ’ Acts 3 sermon, gives our Savior the title His Servant Jesus Acts. Of three days and three nights in the day of judgment - cf results was random ( 3:13. An age, and by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by words! Scorn on them for their wicked attitudes to swallow a man entire of days! The heart of the earth is, however, strictly in accordance with the Jewish mode of reckoning be... 'Ll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password will think about their.! Chronicles 10:5, 2 Chronicles 10:12 ; Genesis 42:17-18 great fish, without... 12:40 and more Euxine Sea, somewhere between Joppa and Tarshish, when he was fleeing from Nineveh ; 42:17-18... ( 72-hour ) period of three days and three nights in the day of judgment -.! ( l ) R. David Kimchi & Jarchi, in His Acts 3 sermon, gives our the... Sacred and profane history and three nights in the grave three days and three in! Resurrection Jesus on the 3rd day - Matthew 27:62-66 ; Matthew 28:1-6 to,.