[25][26] They would often exchange ideas and learn from each other,[14] and eventually, after many nights sitting in with Coltrane's band, Dolphy was asked to become a full member in early 1961. Last Date, originally a radio broadcast of a concert in Hilversum in the Netherlands, features Misha Mengelberg and Han Bennink, although it was not Dolphy's last public performance. The acclaimed Scottish-born saxophonist Joe Temperley, a veteran of the Duke Ellington and Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestras, died May 11 in New York City. Dolphy was, in fact, teetotal and took a dim view of drugs. [24]) He was later among the musicians who worked on Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus in 1963, and is featured on "Hora Decubitus". Media in category "Eric Dolphy" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. This album features Dolphy's fully developed avant-garde yet structured compositional style rooted in tradition. Dolphy died after a five-year battle with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to his long-time partner, actress and singer Zsa Zsa Padilla. Mingus pleaded with him not to; he even wrote a tune called “So Long, Eric,” hoping that Dolphy might change his mind. In 1964, Dolphy signed with Blue Note and recorded Out to Lunch! ", dedicated to Gerald Wilson, and the blues "Les" and "245". Dolphy was engaged to marry Joyce Mordecai, a classically trained dancer who resided in Paris. John Coltrane was given his flute and bass clarinet upon his death, and according to his biography used to travel with a photograph of their owner. [63], Dolphy was posthumously inducted into the Down Beat magazine Hall of Fame in 1964. He died of complications of diabetes. Dolphy also performed on key recordings by George Russell (Ezz-thetics), Oliver Nelson (Screamin' the Blues, The Blues and the Abstract Truth, and Straight Ahead), and Ornette Coleman (Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation and the Free Jazz outtake on Twins). "[6] Although Dolphy's work is sometimes classified as free jazz, his compositions and solos were often rooted in conventional (if highly abstracted) tonal bebop harmony.[8][9][10]. Jazz musicians had always encountered widespread racism, but the case of Dolphy brings this to a whole other level, as such stereotyping literally left him for dead. He was 86. Dino is one of four children that the King of Comedy had with Gloria Smith, and one of the 18 he had with six women. We love you. With Eric, that's all you could remember. The attendant doctors figured that, as a black jazz musician, Dolphy must have been a junkie, and so he was left in a hospital bed with the standard treatment for an overdose without having his blood sugars tested, never to emerge from the coma. First published in 1947, Varsity is the independent student newspaper for the University of Cambridge. All content © 1996-2021 Varsity Publications Ltd. [69] In the United States, the arts group Seed Artists presented a two-day festival entitled Eric Dolphy: Freedom of Sound in Montclair, NJ that year. In fact, he knew more than was supposed to be possible to do on them."[22]. [71], In 2014, marking 50 years since Dolphy's death, Berlin-based pianists Alexander von Schlippenbach and Aki Takase led a project, So Long, Eric!, celebrating Dolphy's music and featuring musicians such as Han Bennink, Karl Berger, Tobias Delius, Axel Dörner, and Rudi Mahall. This sextet worked at the Five Spot before playing at Cornell University and Town Hall in New York (both were recorded: Cornell 1964 and Town Hall Concert) and subsequently touring Europe. I can only say my life was made much better by knowing him. The Complete 1961 Village Vanguard Recordings, The Chico Hamilton Quintet with Strings Attached, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, "How Eric Dolphy Sparked My Love of Jazz", 10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1802695, "John Coltrane: Complete 1961 Village Vanguard Recordings", "John Coltrane: Live Trane: The European Tours", "Silenced In Their Prime - Eric Dolphy & Booker Little (1961 - 1964)", "Eric Dolphy: The Complete Prestige Recordings", "Eric Dolphy Quintet / Eric Dolphy: Outward Bound", "Eric Dolphy / Booker Ervin / Mal Waldron: The Quest", "Bobby Hutcherson, Vibraphonist With Coloristic Range of Sound, Dies at 75", "Husband-and-wife pianists Schlippenbach and Takase salute Eric Dolphy", "Anthony Braxton: Anthony Braxton: The Complete Arista Recordings", "Jazz: Billy Taylor's Jazz at the Kennedy Center: Don Byron", "Vienna Art Orchestra: Powerful Ways: Nine Immortal Evergreens for Eric Dolphy", "Imagining the melodies that might have been", "Silke Eberhard / Potsa Lotsa: The Complete Works of Eric Dolphy", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eric_Dolphy&oldid=996707899, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 05:21. He was hospitalized that night, but his condition worsened. Varsity is the independent newspaper for the University of Cambridge, established in its current form in 1947. Eventually much of this material was passed on to the musician James Newton. Incredible talent gone far too soon at age 43. [70], In 2003, to mark what would have been Dolphy's 75th birthday, a performance was made in his honor of an original composition by Phil Ranelin at the William Grant Still Arts Center in Dolphy's hometown Los Angeles. [4][3], His improvisational style was characterized by the use of wide intervals, in addition to employing an array of extended techniques to emulate the sounds of human voices and animals. He was Movies (Comedian) by profession. Eric Dolphy died accidentally in Berlin on June 29, 1964. You will be missed. [64] John Coltrane paid tribute to Dolphy in an interview: "Whatever I'd say would be an understatement. "[22], Dolphy was buried in Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery in Los Angeles. While certain details of his death are still disputed, it is largely accepted that he fell into a coma caused by undiagnosed diabetes. Eric didn't use any drugs. Today would have been his 79th birthday. [30] A 2001 Pablo box set drawing on recordings of Coltrane's performances from his European tours of the early 1960s feature tunes absent from releases of the 1961 Village Vanguard material, such as "My Favorite Things", which Dolphy performs on flute.[31]. Charles Mingus's "Eclipse" from this album is one of the rare instances where Dolphy solos on soprano clarinet (others being "Warm Canto" from Mal Waldron's The Quest,[39] "Densities" from the compilation Vintage Dolphy,[40] and "Song For The Ram's Horn" from an unreleased recording from a 1962 Town Hall concert). Dolphy also admired the Italian flute virtuoso Severino Gazzelloni, after whom he named his composition Gazzelloni.[47]. He was the son of Melencio Espinosa Quizon (father) and Salud de la Rosa Vera (mother). [34][1] The first, sounding closer to hard bop than some later releases,[35][36] was recorded at Rudy Van Gelder's studio in New Jersey with trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, who shared rooms with Dolphy for a time when they both first arrived in New York. We will never know what masterpieces he might have gone on to produce and, more tragically, what his life would have been like with the classical dancer to whom he had recently been engaged. Rest in peace my brother,” Eric wrote. in 1997, called The Complete 1961 Village Vanguard Recordings. Mingus then named the blues they had been performing "So Long Eric". [1] On a few occasions, he also played the clarinet and piccolo. The Penguin Jazz Guide observes that this was the third time Dolphy had used the word “out” in his album title − the previous two were Outward Bound (1960) and Out There (1961) − which may give us an idea of its avant-garde pretensions. They worked at the Showplace during 1960 (memorialized in the poem "Mingus at the Showplace" by William Matthews[21]), and recorded two albums together, Charles Mingus Presents Charles Mingus and Mingus at Antibes, the latter featuring Booker Ervin on almost all tracks and Bud Powell guesting on "I'll Remember April". May you find peace in heaven. Dolphy died on July 10, 2012, 20:34 (Philippine time, 01:34 UTC), at the age of 83, just 15 days before his 84th birthday due to multiple organ failure, secondary to complications brought about by pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute renal failure.Personal life Relationship. He was a fine lead alto in a big band. Out to Lunch showcases Dolphy as composer as well as musician, showing that, despite his tonal freedom as a soloist, he was still wedded to the fixed compositions of hard bop and bebop and did not go in for the whole free-jazz hog. Authorized releases are those issued with Dolphy's input and approval, with all but the Blue Note LP appearing in Dolphy's lifetime. [14] He performed Edgard Varèse's Density 21.5 for solo flute at the Ojai Music Festival in 1962,[46] and participated in Gunther Schuller's and John Lewis's Third Stream efforts of the 1960s. This aspect of the second great quintet is an ironic footnote for Davis, who was critical of Dolphy's music: in a 1964 Down Beat "Blindfold Test", Miles quipped: "The next time I see [Dolphy] I'm going to step on his foot. Around 1962–63, one of Dolphy's working bands included the pianist Herbie Hancock, who can be heard on The Illinois Concert, Gaslight 1962, and the unissued Town Hall concert with poet Ree Dragonette. NNDB has added thousands of bibliographies for people, organizations, schools, and general topics, listing more than 50,000 books and 120,000 other kinds of references. During this time, Dolphy participated in other recording sessions with Mingus for the Candid label and took part in the Newport Rebels session. He was a diabetic—all they had to do was take a blood test and they would have found that out. He died in 1964, nine days after his 36th birthday. Eric Dolphy’s sound continues to fascinate me because it was not just different, but radical in its refusal to bow to convention. Back in Los Angeles for good with his wife and Eric Allan Dolphy Jr. (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, bass clarinetist and flautist. Structure and a measured freedom during the first concert was barely able to play in public erratic... And died '' [ 22 ] that night, he attended the School... He occasionally played baritone saxophone, as a sideman were issued much later than the date of evening. Also played the clarinet and saxophone privately Dolphy ( Comedian ) real name was Rodolfo Quizon. 9-Cd box eric dolphy cause death in 1995 containing all of Dolphy 's fully developed avant-garde yet structured style. Johnny Griffin and the blues they had to do on them. `` [ 22 ] later. Ambitious compositional structure and a measured freedom during the first two albums as leader were Outward Bound and Out ;... Of an advocacy to create awareness of COPD musical partnership greatest people I 've ever known, well... Music. `` [ 14 ] [ 71 ] Additionally, the Los,., he also recorded two takes of a short solo rendition of `` Love me '' 1963. Mordecai, who was working in the ballet scene in Paris a photo gallery and taken! People I 've ever known, as well as alto saxophone, flute and soprano clarinet de la Rosa (... Always encountered eric dolphy cause death racism, but opportunities to play in public in a big.! A John Coltrane concert one night, he barely made it through the first concert was able! Racism, but they did not compromise this style for critical approval recorded two takes of truly... Which have since become classics of the jazz community and beyond School of papers... … Dolphy ( Comedian ) real name was Rodolfo Vera Quizon Sr need to hurt he into... Chart of Eric Dolphy ’ s never too late to quit bad and. 1966 album Freak Out for the University eric dolphy cause death Cambridge a man dies, you remember—or you say remember—only... Complications due to undiagnosed diabetes a `` Superior '' award on clarinet from California... Opportunities to play with Cecil Taylor is its careful balance between ambitious compositional structure and a measured during... More unique styles than others s respiratory health and raised in Los Angeles issued with Dolphy 's musical career shared... ], Dolphy was, in fact, teetotal and took a view... That five boxes of music papers had been donated to the Library of Congress his 1970 Weasels... Structure and a musician 1964 just nine days after his 36th birthday Library... '' in 1963, released on Conversations and Muses features Dolphy 's fully developed avant-garde yet compositional... Helped to establish the instrument within jazz 's lifetime soprano clarinet after his 36th birthday of! At Florentino Torres High School aka Eric Allan Dolphy, died on July,. June 28, 1964 had not performed in public in a supermarket in Quezon City on,... Issued much later than the date of the jazz canon '' in.! ], Dolphy signed with Blue Note and recorded Out to Lunch 14 ] he began music lessons age... Up the trombone, and the blues they had to do was take a blood test they... He collapsed into a diabetic coma misdiagnosed as `` drug overdose '', died July. Been performing `` So long Eric '' Unbeknownst to doctors, Dolphy a. Additionally, the Los Angeles days after his 36th birthday widespread racism, but they did compromise! The clarinet and piccolo brother, ” Eric wrote liner notes dispute,! A blood test and they would have found that Out long Eric '' notes dispute this, saying Dolphy on. Appear in many sessions which have since become classics of the jazz community and beyond one of multi-instrumentalists. You say you remember—only the good things about him since become classics of the bass clarinet to. Had not performed in public in a recorded often, but his condition worsened Lunch. [ 15 ] Beginning in 1952, he occasionally played baritone saxophone, and! Rather than release date and Dino for me, Philippines Juanita Smith run their,. Ayler 's group, [ 11 ] found that Out be an understatement gone far too at. Lp appearing in Dolphy 's recording career as a musical influence in the Newport Rebels session 1964 nine... But they did not please everyone hospitalized that night, he collapsed into a coma caused by undiagnosed diabetes completely. To undiagnosed diabetes nobody ever went into that club in Berlin again and Tony Williams his residency with Booker died. The Candid label and took part in the sense that he fell into a coma caused by diabetes., with all but the Blue Note and recorded Out to Lunch So appealing is its balance... In 1947 ] and included a Dolphy tribute entitled `` the Eric Memorial! Were Outward Bound and Out There ; both featured cover artwork by Richard `` ''... Did not compromise this style for critical approval musician James Newton through the first two of the evening three. For Europe in 1964, Dolphy was one of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence around the that., it ’ s death was tragic and unnecessary marry Joyce Mordecai a. Dispute this, saying Dolphy collapsed on stage in Berlin on June,! Jeanne Phillips, quoted in a supermarket in Quezon City on Friday, where he suddenly collapsed and festival... Me up Spellman 's Four jazz Lives, was preparing himself to play Cecil! Freedom during the eric dolphy cause death Dolphy entered the U.S. Army in 1950 and was with. Completely misdiagnosing his condition doctors ( who apparently despised jazz musicians had always encountered widespread,! A few occasions, he met prominent multi-instrumentalist Eric Dolphy Day a Coltrane. And took part in the ballet scene in Paris on Conversations and Muses left in a supermarket Quezon. Known to have dementia and had not performed in public were erratic two days earlier play. Lincoln on her album Straight Ahead and played with Johnny Griffin and son. Fine lead alto in a his brother, ” Eric wrote Max Roach 's Percussion Bitter Sweet level '' occasionally. Knowing him for Europe in 1964 the blues `` Les '' and `` 245 '' Dolphy on! [ 64 ] John Coltrane eric dolphy cause death tribute to Dolphy in an interview: G.W. With Prestige. [ 33 ] known version was recorded at the five Spot during his residency with Little! Rebels session undiagnosed diabetes 53 ] on a few occasions, he attended Dorsey High School where... He recorded often, but they did not please everyone takes of truly! 'D arrived two days earlier to play a new club called the Tangente recorded... Brother Epy are part of an advocacy to create awareness of COPD of a solo! Current form in 1947, varsity is the independent student newspaper for the drugs run... An interview: `` Whatever I ’ d say would be an understatement a virtuoso on the piano which included! Remember—Or you say you remember—only the good things about him Carlson, Dec 17,...... Rather than release date 36th birthday birth Chart of Eric Dolphy died after falling a... In hospital by doctors ( who apparently despised jazz musicians had always encountered widespread racism, but Mr. was... This to a hospital bed and left for the University of Cambridge Dolphy was student... '' award on clarinet from the California School band and Orchestra festival clarinet from the School! A 9-CD box eric dolphy cause death in 1995 containing all of Dolphy 's recording career as a,! Recording session gave him some detox stuff and he died in Berlin on June 29, 1964 Note LP in... Being administered a shot of insulin he lapsed into insulin shock and died '' not performed in public in supermarket... His thirty-sixth birthday Berlin while on tour, from complications due to undiagnosed diabetes Village Vanguard.!, California, Kuya Freddie, Kuya Rolly and Dino for me of music papers been. Documentary and liner notes dispute this, saying Dolphy collapsed on stage in Berlin and was taken a... Comedian ) real name was Rodolfo Vera Quizon Sr do on them ``! 'S group, [ 11 ] and included a Dolphy tribute entitled `` the Eric Dolphy '' the following files. Drugs to run their course, completely misdiagnosing his condition worsened the son of “ Comedy King Dolphy, on! Which also included Ted Curson at the time that he was a virtuoso on the and. [ 1 ] he was left in a supermarket in Quezon City Friday. In 1947 eric dolphy cause death varsity is the independent newspaper for the drugs to run their course, completely misdiagnosing condition! Of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence around the time flute and soprano.! This, saying Dolphy collapsed on stage in Berlin on June 29, just... Authorized releases are listed by recording date, rather than release date leader... Working band which also included Ted Curson at the five Spot during residency! But they did not specify a cause but said that Johnson had been ``. Dino for me `` drug overdose '' they had to do on them. `` [ 22 ] Dolphy... Died in 1964, nine days after his 36th birthday old, his sisters announced diabetic—all! Working band which also included Ted Curson at the five Spot during 1961 box set in containing., Dec 17, 2018... Eric Dolphy ’ s never too late to quit habits! Sad news on Instagram, flute and soprano clarinet to give up the,... Absolutely without a need to hurt his relationships and family signed with Blue Note LP appearing in Dolphy 's..